For archaeologists and researchers alike, the thought of finding human remains or any kind of bones and other artifacts for that matter, is fascinating. They are able to get answers to questions that many researchers before them were unable to answer. Even though the world has gone digital, archaeologist stills uses old methods and discovers something new.
Dating back 430,000 years, researchers found bones that were able to be restructured into 17 skulls of early humanoids in the “Pit of the Bones” which is located in Madrid, Spain.
The history of the Pit of the Bones was first discovered in 1983 and the largest number of human remains that are ever recorded here. The age of the fossils are unknown, yet still being debated today and also what species of humans they represent.
Interestingly, the species called Neanderthal is the closet extinct species to our own and right next to that are the Homo sapiens that coexisted with humans thousands of years ago. To tell the difference between the two, Neanderthal skulls have human like features including a brain, jaws, and teeth.
The reconstructed skulls that were discovered, had the features in the face and teeth, but the brain could only accommodate a small skull. Further, it was not just the face that was restricted, but entire human bodies.
At the end of the study, the researchers were able to answer two of the questions, “who were these people? And when were they living on the landscape?”