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The massive removal of Mexican-Americans in 1930s are similar to Donald Trump’s immigration plans. Could History Repeat itself?

ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. (AP) –  Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump’s call for mass deportation of millions of immigrants living in the U.S. illegally, as well as their American-born children, bears similarities to a large-scale removal that many Mexican-American families faced 85 years ago.

During the Great Depression, counties and cities in the American Southwest and Midwest forced Mexican immigrants and their families to leave the U.S. over concerns they were taking jobs away from whites despite their legal right to stay.

The result: Around 500,000 to 1 million Mexican immigrants and Mexican Americans were pushed out of the country during the 1930s repatriation, as the removal is sometimes called.

During that time, immigrants were rounded up and sent to Mexico, sometimes in public places and often without formal proceedings. Others, scared under the threat of violence, left voluntarily.

About 60 percent of those who left were American citizens, according to various studies on the 1930s repatriation. Later testimonies show families lost most of their possessions and some family members died trying to return. Neighborhoods in cities such as Houston, San Antonio and Los Angeles became empty.

A message to all Latinos from the LatinTRENDS Team:  Make absolutely sure to vote and register to vote. Let your voice be heard. Allow yourself that right, so that the ugly part of history does not repeat itself


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The impact of the experience on Latinos remains evident today, experts and advocates say.

“It set the tone for later deportations,” said Francisco Balderrama, a Chicano studies professor at California State University, Los Angeles.

Two weeks ago, Trump said that, if elected president, he would expand deportations and end “birthright citizenship” for children born to immigrants who are here illegally. Under his plan, American-born children of immigrants also would be deported with their parents, and Mexico would be asked to help build a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border.

“They’re illegal,” Trump said of U.S.-born children of people living in the country illegally. “You either have a country or not.”

Amid his comments on immigration, polls show negative impressions of Trump among Latinos. A Gallup poll released Aug. 24 found that Hispanics were more likely to give Trump unfavorable ratings than favorable ones by 51 percentage points.

Some immigrant advocates pointed to the removal of prominent Latino journalist Jorge Ramos from an Iowa press conference last week as a metaphor for the candidate’s desire to remove Latinos from the United States.

“Mr. Trump should heed the following warning: Our Latino and immigrant communities are not going to forget the way he has treated them,” the Washington, D.C.-based Fair Immigration Reform Movement said in a statement.

Ramos, an anchor for Univision, was escorted out by a Trump aide after Ramos, who had criticized Trump previously, tried to question Trump about his immigration plan. Trump interrupted Ramos, saying he hadn’t been called on, and ultimately told Ramos, “Go back to Univision.”

Ramos was saying, “You cannot deport 11 million people,” as he was escorted away. He was later allowed to return.

Trump has provided few details on how his proposed deportation effort would be carried out. The conservative-leaning American Action Forum concluded in a report it would cost between $400 billion to $600 billion and take 20 years to remove an estimated 11.2 million immigrants living in the country illegally.

The large-scale deportation he envisions would be impractical to enact, due to the extent to which Mexican immigrants have integrated into U.S. society, said Columbia University history professor Mae Ngai.

U.S.-born children of immigrants have been automatically considered American citizens since the adoption of the Constitution’s 14th Amendment in 1868. A Supreme Court ruling in 1898 halted previous attempts to limit the birthright of Chinese-American citizens after the passage of the Chinese Exclusion Act.

The ruling upheld the clause for all U.S.-born children, Ngai said, and there have been no successful challenges to the clause since.

In the 1930s, Balderrama said, officials skirted the issue of birthright citizenship by saying they did not want to break up families.

“But they did break up families and many children never saw their parents again,” said Balderrama, co-author of a book about Mexican repatriation in the 1930s with the late historian Raymond Rodriguez, who testified before a California state committee about seeing his father for the last time at age 10, before the father left for Mexico.

That legacy lingers in songs, often played on Spanish-language radio stations, that allude to mass deportations and separation of loved ones, said Lilia Soto, an American studies professor at the University of Wyoming.

For example, the lyrics to “Ice El Hielo,” by the Los Angeles-band La Santa Cecilia, speak of a community afraid that federal agents about to arrive and launch deportations raids at any moment. The ballad “Volver, Volver,” sung by Mexican ranchera performer Vicente “Chente” Fernandez, speaks of someone vowing to return to a lover despite all obstacles.

“They’re about families being apart,” Soto said. “The lyrics are all



The Tennis world is very familiar with Rafael Nadal. The Spanish star from Mallorca has been a fixture at the top of the tennis world since he exploded onto the pro scene at seventeen, a force at nineteen. He has held the number one position five times and his fourteen Slam titles are second all time tied with Pete Sampras and trailing only Roger Federer (17).

Though only 29, Nadal has fought through injury woes recently but is looking to do big things at this years U.S. Open.

“I feel well, now I need to win.”

Nadal explained,

“I have to be patient and wait for my moment.”

He sees how unique his rise at an early age was, something he sees not as easy to duplicate. “My feeling is not at all. It’s because something changed,

It was a period of time with me and Roger (Federer) but not every generation is the same.”

We learned about these at the Johnny Mac Tennis Project. John McEnroe invited him and Nadal showed his character by coming without a fee while also serving verbal lessons to younger stars like Nick Kyrgios, whose mouth has made waves in the tennis world recently. “He’s done me a huge favor coming here and I owe him big time.” John McEnroe said.

“Rafa has been a class act for many years on the tour.”

As a result, he was removed from a doubles match that had Kyrgios as partner and moved into a singles match with Lleyton Heweitt. Nadal entertained the crowd with smiles and at times hints of world class shotmaking in his single set win.

“I think I recovered alot of the things I lost, namely intensity and passion.”

Its those emotions that fueled Nadal in his early years and its that which has been tempered by time and health yet Nadal feels he is starting to regain some of his form. The U.S. Open will test that idea from the start. “The passion is there. I have my ups and downs.” Nadal said,

“During the season there are moments that change the dynamic. My feeling is I am playing better most of the time.”

The fundraiser Nadal took time to appear in has been a boon for inner city children as John McEnroe has been working dilligently to find the next stars that are hidden in the United States. “You can see how inspired the kids are in Spain because of Rafael and my goal is similiar as all the money will be going to that cause to help out as many kids as possible.” McEnroe shared. Nadal agreed,

“Its a great inspiration for the rest and a great example for the next generation.”

Nadal added.

Nadal is also doing his own work in providing facilities in Spain for young kids, something that appeals to him and as he noted other sports fail to pursue.

“I want to give something back to the kids.”

Nadal said, “I want to give them the benefit of my experience.” Nadal is a role rodel for Latino youth and the world at large and if he returns to the top or not, his legacy is intact.

“He is a Hall of Famer and one of the greatest effort players I have ever seen.”

McEnroe points out,

“He is one of the best two players ever.”

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It was loud. It was passionate. Its what you can expect at a boxing press conference open to the public. Add to it the fact that two prominent champions, one from Mexico, the other Puerto Rico are slated to fight.

The Windham New Yorker Hotel in New York City was the third stop on the Miguel Cotto vs Canelo Alvarez boxing tour. There was a crisp feeling in the air of a happening yesterday. The Mexican contingent drowned out the Puerto Rican supporters.

Especially when Canelo made his appearance, the crowd went ballistic. When Cotto arrived, there was booing throughout. Also in attendance was Golden Boy Promotions head Oscar De La Hoya and partner Bernard Hopkins and WBC President Mauricio Suliaman, were present among others.

The joint Canelo Productions, Golden Boy , RocNation, and Miguel Cotto Promotions were the players that made the agreements that made this WBC Middleweight championship match a reality. Cotto (40-4, 33KO’s), the WBC, Ring Magazine, as well as Lineal champion will be matched against a former two time champion in Canelo(45-1-1, 32 KO’s).

The Mexican vs Puerto Rico rivalry was the theme of the press conference and what gives this match its extra appeal. This was stressed throughout.

“I remember a fight I was involved in with Felix Trinidad.”

Oscar De La Hoya recalled,

“Thats the last time we saw passion and this type of energy.”

Its also a very lengthy rivalry with alot of history. Cotto’s trainer Freddie Roach agreed.

“They are defending their countries. Its gone on for many years.”

Roach explained,

“Alot of great Mexican and Puerto Ricans fighters, its a throwback.”

Maurico Suliaman, WBC President, is well aware of the rivalry with his organization based in Mexico. He compared it to past legendary fights.

“Anytime a Mexican or Puerto Rican are in the ring, its got to have one of the greatest fights.”

Suliaman said.

In post Trump America, Mexican fans have been looking for a way to express themselves on the world stage. Through Canelo Alvarez they have found it and in Las Vegas, Nevada on November 21st, an ancient rivalry continues. As Hector Soto, Vice President of Cotto Promotions pointed out, “There will be no dancing, no hugging, and no playing. This will be a real fight.”

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Video of LatinTRENDS at the 2015 Dominican Day Parade

LatinTRENDS paid homage to the 2015 Dominican Day Parade along 6th Ave on August 9th, 2015. We spoke to some folks, including Jay Hershenson, Senior Vice Chancellor for University Relations and Secretary of the Board of the City University of New York & long-time friend of the magazine — since our Dominican Times days! CUNY also has a Dominican Studies Institute — the only one of its kind! Check out this video and the rest of our videos here.

Photos of the Renaissance Dinner at The Harvard Club

“The Renaissance Dinners elevate the human spirit.  Each dinner is an enriching experience – exposing you to the most extraordinary people doing the most interesting things. These dinners feed your soul.”

-Syndicated Columnist, Ruben Navarrette

Renaissance Heart of Gold

The purpose of the Renaissance Dinners is to develop and advance a wide variety of top leaders across America.


The Renaissance Dinners are driven by personal relationships and word of mouth – reaching across people groups, generations, sectors, and geographies.


As there are a wider variety of top leaders in America, the energy, innovation, and power unleashed will be pivotal to the next American Renaissance.


Each Renaissance Dinner celebrates life and elevates the human spirit – presenting a unique blend of four kinds of “food”.

. Food for the palate with excellent cuisine.

. Food for the senses with fine wine, beautiful music, touching vocal performance, and lovely art.

. Food for thought with thought-provoking conversations, literature, and speakers.

. Food for the soul with getting to spend time with many wonderful people.


To date, there have been 17 Renaissance Dinners in Atlanta, Chicago, Dallas, Houston, Los Angeles, New York City, San Francisco and Washington, DC


. 1,369 participants

. 64 unique speakers

The Renaissance Dinners serve as a platform in which forward thinking professionals from different sectors are invited to move business have a good time and move business objective forward. Fortune 500 Corporations often seek recommendations from the events leadership (Pablo Schneider) on potential board of directors candidates. With various individuals successfully placed on such boards.

Legendary Reggaeton Duo Zion y Lennox Graces September Issue Cover Of LatinTRENDS


Puerto Rican Reggaeton artists, Felix Ortiz and Gabriel Pizarro, better known as the legendary group Zion Y Lennox, are finally releasing “Motivan2”—their first album together after the group inexplicably broke up. Now almost 15-years later, when the group was first introduced, the anticipated album and their latest single have once again captured the hearts of music fans all around the world. The duo talks to LatinTRENDS about reuniting, abstaining from themes like drugs and violence in their lyrics, and they even weigh in Puerto Rico’s economic troubles.

ISSUE 121 Sept 2015

 This month’s issue also brings an interview with another urban music phenomenon Mozart La Parra. His latest hit single “Si te Pego Cuerno,” featuring Farruko, has garnered more than 44 million hits on YouTube. Mozart not only answers questions about his interesting hairstyles and how he got his name, he also describes his rise from humble beginnings in Santo Domingo to being international music star.

He’s the smoking hot bad boy on Netflix’s Orange is The New Black—Berto Colon. Even though you can catch him in his new role on the HBO series “Show Me a Hero” this handsome 42–year-Latino doesn’t allow success and fame goes to his head.

September’s Cultura section gets close to the supernatural with Univision “Despierta America’s” Niño Prodigio, Victor Florencio. The fresh version of beloved Walter Mercado, El Niño Prodigio tells us the top reasons customers come in droves to visit his Bronx botanica.

Also in this section see our coverage on “Latinos in Vietnam.” LatinTRENDS talks to the director and producer of PBS’s documentary “On Two Fronts: Latinos in Vietnam,” Mylene Negron; plus veteran, scholar and author Dr. Jorge Mariscal for details.

This month’s issue also offers “Your Guide to The GOP’s Candidates,” and a close look at “Teen Entrepreneurs”, featuring teenage visionaries that have started and run their own business.

Is this the generation that ends smoking? What exactly is Integrative Health? What is the psychology behind junk food consumption? LatinTRENDS answers these questions, exploring new frontiers in health and wellness.

It’s Hispanic Heritage month and this September issue features progressive facts on the US Hispanic community, along with the history of Hispanic Heritage and various celebrations and events taking place.   LatinTRENDS will kick off Hispanic heritage month with a private event that will celebrate Hispanic heritage & game changers from New York to the world on September 15th. The event will be co-hosted by September issue cover personalities & Reggaeton super stars Zion y Lennox.  Event attended by bloggers, artist, entrepreneurs, influencers of the community, professionals of diverse fields, media and local celebrities. Event is sponsored by Absolut, Ford and Inka Cola.  

This issue, also has; 10 Latino fashion designers you need to know; and how to party like a local in Miami, with an inside look at Miami’s legendary nightlife and its parties.

Download the LatinTRENDS Digital on the Apple newsstand app and on Androids via

Tom Cruise to turn a Colombian City into Film Industry Capital of Latin America


Tom Cruise has become so smitten with a Colombian city that if he has his way it could become a new Hollywood shooting location.

Back on Saturday, the Misson: Impossible—Rogue Nation star is said to have met with the mayor of Medellín, Anibal Gaviria in-regards to an upcoming film project of his called “Mena.

According to Mayor Gaviria, the 53-year-old movie star arrived in the city on last Thursday and has been spotted intermingling with local restaurants and citizens within the city. The mayor also commented that Cruise is planning on staying within the city for some time.

During a meeting that lasted more than an hour, the Mayor commented that the meeting with Cruise, the Medellin Film Commission, and a local production was a “friendly and productive meeting.

Cruise’s adoration for the city is said to have been the beautiful mountain landscape that surrounds Medellin.

His comments about the city were positive and he has an extremely positive impression of Colombia,” said a government official to a local news outlet.

According to those in the area, Cruise has given some input on how to transform the city of Medellin into the “film industry capital of Latin America.

One such way to do that is for his next film to be shoot in the area.

Cruise and Director Doug Liman—who directed Cruise in 2014’s sci-fi film Edge of Tomorrow—are teaming up once again for a thriller called Mena, which should hit theaters in 2017.

According to a Medellin’s news outlet, Mena will center on one of the Central Intelligence Agency most covert operations in U.S. History and will star Cruise as Barry Seal, a hustler and pilot who worked alongside with well-known Drug Cartel Pablo Escobar before being recruited in by the CIA in order to run one the operation.

I love stories of improbable heroes working against the system, and Barry Seal took the government, and our country, for an unbelievable ride,” said Liman, talking about the upcoming film project. “Interpreting his story has the makings for an entertaining film that is equal parts satire, suspense and comedy-and always surprising.

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¡Pa gozar! Your inside scoop on Miami’s Latin music clubs

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Photo courtesy: Hoy Como Ayer


By, Daisy Cabrera

Ahh, glorious South Beach. Tourists flock here to bronze under the blazing sun, break waves on rented jet-skis, throw back some fruity cocktails, “watch me naenae” in mega clubs and relish under tall palm trees swaying to the ocean breeze. It’s a year-round chancleta paradise!

Miami is also an explosion of Latino culture, and the 305’s live music scene is no joke. But, here’s the thing mi gente – you’ll have to get off the Beach (yep, you read that right) and do it up local style. Dust off those dancing shoes, and get ready for some sabrosura.

In the heart of Little Havana lies an iconic, bohemian little gem called Hoy Como Ayer where you can groove to everything from salsa and Latin pop, to rock en español and flamenco. Named after Benny Moré’s hit song, Hoy Como Ayer has been entertaining folks with live music for the last 15 years. You’ll be bumping hips up in here ‘cause it’s a standing room only affair. Don’t miss the happening Thursday night ¡Fuacata! party, a Latin funk percussive soirée courtesy of Spam AllStars’ weekly residency. ¡Tremenda descarga! Famous talent who’ve graced their stage include Willy Chirino, Diego el Cigala, Albita, Pavel Nuñez, Los 3 de La Habana, Isabel Iñigo, Ana Maria Perera, Aymeé Nuviola and many more. Hoy Como Ayer is located at 2212 SW 8th St, Miami, FL 33135.

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Photo courtesy: Ball & Chain


Don’t put away the guayabera just yet! A favorite haunt for many is the historic Ball & Chain (circa 1935), a gorgeous venue also located on Calle Ocho. The Friday festivities begin early with a live salsa music/lunch hour set at noon, followed by the quite popular happy hour at 4pm. At 6pm, behold the tunes of live jazz and stay for the icing on the tres leches cake – the “Miami Boheme” party – when a full band hits the outdoor Pineapple Stage at 10pm for a serious Latin music jam session. Tito Puente Jr., Nil Lara, Conjunto Progreso, Calle Sol, Tony Succar, Edwin Bonilla, Locos Por Juana, BARRIOACTIVO and countless others have performed here. Ball & Chain’s address is 1513 SW 8th St, Miami, FL 33135.

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Photo courtesy: La Covacha


On to Saturday night, where the place to be is La Covacha. Head over to Doral for this major nightclub that is all about dancing. Think big. Think jam-packed. Think major sound system. Think crazy fun! Since 1988, this has been the go-to joint to hear an array of music: rumba, merengue, cubatón, samba, vallenato – de todo, un poco. Party hard inside, or take it on back to the patio area where national musical bands move the masses ‘til the wee hours. Prominent musicians from across the globe who’ve rocked this house include Calle 13, Frankie Negron, Los Amigos Invisibles, Diva Gash, La Oreja de Van Gogh, Kinky, Hombres G, and Osmani Garcia. Visit La Covacha at 10730 NW 25th St, Doral, FL 33172.

Next time you’re in the MIA, you know what spots to hit up! El que sabe, sabe.

Shakira to Star as Gazelle in New Movie


Shakira will be making her animation movie debut in Disney’s 2016 comedy Zootopia.

The Colombian singer-songwriter announced via Twitter that she will be a part of the voice cast and play the part of Gazelle, a pop-singing gazelle who lives in the mammal-humanoid city of Zootopia; the film follows a police lieutenant bunny and a fugitive fox who must team up despite their species & career lifestyle differences after becoming targets of a conspiracy.

On her Twitter, Shakira shared a photo of her character which resembles a striking appearance to her. She also revealed that she will sing her character’s song, “Try Everything.

Zootopia will be directed by Byron Howard and Rich Moore, and will also star Jason Bateman, Ginnifer Goodwin and Alan Tudyk.

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Pope Francis, Loves Futball, Danced a Wicked Tango & Was a Bouncer

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“My people are poor and I am one of them.”

The 266th and the current Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, Pope Francis is known the world over for his great humility and approachability. Ordained as Pope at the age of 76 on March 13, 2013, Pope Francis is the first citizen from the Americas, the first non-European and first Jesuit priest to be named Pope. Before taking up the honorable appointment, he served as the Archbishop and Cardinal of Buenos Aires. He was originally christened Jorge Mario Bergoglio. Ever since his attainment of priesthood, Pope Francis has continuously and tirelessly worked for the well-being of the poor, which he claims to be his foremost concern.

Furthermore, he is committed to bridge the gap between people of various backgrounds, class, beliefs and faith through peaceful talks. Unlike his predecessors, Pope Francis has chosen an informal approach to office since the Papal elections. He has declined to most luxuries offered to a Pope and instead prefers to live a simple and humble lifestyle.

A few examples of the same include his decision to put up at the Vatican guesthouse rather than the papal residence, choosing a simple car rather than flashy pope mobiles, wearing the white Cossack instead of the red mozzetta and iron pectoral cross instead of the gold one on his first appearance as a pontiff. Pope Francis strongly supports and considers social outreach, rather than doctrinal battles, to be the essential business of the church.

While his radical thought on humbleness, practice of simplicity and austerity towards working out a robust defense of the poor has garnered positive accolades and acclaim, it is his staunch orthodox discerning against abortion, same-sex marriage, and contraception that has drawn criticism from a select few.

Pope Francis wants you to know he is not a superhero. On the other hand, he is probably just the most popular pontiff ever. During his year as pope, the 77-year-old has been nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize, claimed the title of Time Magazine’s 2013 Person of the Year, graced the cover of Rolling Stone and accumulated a combined Twitter following of over 12 million — and growing.


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A man that is adulated in the public eye and media, Pope Francis is one of the most recognized figures in the world. He has close to 7 Million Twitter followers — and his name one of the most-searched on the Internet. Check out some things you may not know about the “People’s Pope”, who is the first non-European Pope and first Hispanic Pope.

He studied philosophy and is a trained chemist
Before he was pope or even Archbishop of Buenos Aires, Pope Francis was known by his birth name Jorge Mario Bergoglio. Born in Buenos Aires, Argentina on December 17, 1936. As a young man, the future pontiff studied chemistry, philosophy and theology, and later lectured in those subjects. He became the Archbishop of Buenos Aires in 1998 and upon his election to the papal throne chose his name after Saint Francis of Assisi.

He is a passionate supporter of San Lorenzo Football Club
One of the biggest soccer clubs in Argentina can proudly boast that they have God on their side — or at the very least the support of Pope Francis, who is a paying member of San Lorenzo de Almagro, a club named for a saint. The San Lorenzo club was quick to congratulate the former Argentine Cardinal in his first few days as the new leader of the Roman Catholic Church last year, even sending a letter to their most holy fan. The team also miraculously won the Argentine soccer title last year.

He used to be a bouncer
Pope Francis shocked the world last December when he admitted that prior to joining the priesthood, he used to be a bouncer at a nightclub in Buenos Aires. According to the Catholic News Service, he also spent time sweeping floors and running tests in a chemical lab as a teen.

He Owned a Harley

There’s something just so delightful about the idea that the always-smiling pope could also be a bad-boy biker in his youth. While the pope did auction it off last month , it’s not known whether he actually took it for a ride since it was given to him by the bike’s maker last year. In fact, the pontiff is better known for flying economy class, riding through Buenos Aires on a bus and scooting through Rome’s narrow lane-ways in a modest Ford Focus. He even hopped in a minivan with the other cardinals after he was elected pope rather than take the special sedan organized for him.

He takes selfies!
Earlier this month, Pope Francis scolded the media for the public image of him as some sort of star or superhero as depicted in such images as the superman graffiti which cropped up around the Vatican early this year.”The pope is a man who laughs, cries, sleeps well and has friends like everyone else; a normal person,” he said in an interview with Italian daily Corriere della Sera.


He tangos — and once had a girlfriend

I love tango and I used to dance when I was young,” Pope Francis said in a 2010 biography about him called “El Jesuita.” In the same book, it was revealed the pope also had a girlfriend whom he used to share this love of tango.”She was one of a group of friends I went dancing with. But then I discovered my religious vocation,” he told the book’s authors Francesca Ambrogetti and Sergio Rubin.

He invited homeless men to his birthday party
While the pope recently debunked one rumor that he snuck out of the Vatican at night to feed the homeless, there is little doubt that he is passionate about relieving homelessness and poverty.

On the morning of his 77th birthday, the pope invited a group of homeless men and a dog to partake in mass and have breakfast with him at the Vatican. The three men all sleep on the streets outside the Holy See’s walls, reported the Vatican newspaper L’Osservatore Romano. During the morning’s proceedings, one of the men reportedly said, “It’s worthwhile being a vagrant because you get to meet the pope.